BERF Work in Ghana

BERF has completed a number of assignments providing technical support to the Ghana Business Enabling Environment Programme (BEEP), including support with the design of a monitoring and evaluation framework and an evidence and learning note on evaluating the impact of business environment reforms, drawing on lessons from the programme’s experience using the cost compliance methodology to assess results and drive implementation. BERF is further planning to provide monitoring and evaluation support for the programme.

Completed Projects

 Planned and Ongoing Projects

Context

Ghana is lower-middle income, has a population of over 27 million, and over 6 million people living below the national poverty line. Ghana’s economic performance has been mixed. GDP growth remains low compared with Ghana’s neighbouring countries, at 3.6% in 2016 despite exceeding the 3.3% forecast. Ghana’s economic outlook looks positive for 2017, with improvements in oil and non-oil sectors. Challenges for Ghana includes high youth unemployment, delays in resolution of debt incurred by state-owned enterprises in the energy sector, and high electricity costs which do not match demand for supply. Should Ghana navigate its way to mitigating these challenges, it could meet the World Bank’s projected growth forecast of 6-7% in 2017.

DFID Programme

DFID Ghana’s key strategic priorities in the 2011-16 Operational Plan are:

  • encouraging enterprise and wealth creation;
  • helping the government of Ghana make sure all children get a good education;
  • reducing maternal mortality and child deaths;
  • improving the accountability of government and decision makers to citizens; and
  • beating inequalities, especially regional poverty and improving opportunities for women and girls.

World Bank Doing Business

The World Bank Doing Business indicators for 2017 show Ghana ranking at 108, up from 112 in 2015 (out of 190 in total). This puts Ghana behind Kenya but ahead of countries like Senegal (147) and Tanzania (132). Ghana’s diversity in natural resources has played a role in strengthening Ghana’s economic growth. Ghana exports cocoa, oil, timber and gold. Ghana is the second-largest producer of cocoa and one of the world’s leading gold producers. Low market prices for oil and gold exports, combined with a three year power crisis, rising fiscal deficit and public debt has slowed Ghana’s economic growth. Rapid urbanisation has also brought a new set of challenges for Ghana to overcome in relation to housing, sanitation, transportation and youth employment opportunities. Commodity prices are, however, expected to recover, boosting economic growth to 6-7% in 2017, as forecasted by the World Bank.